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CBSE - Chemistry - XII

CBSE - Chemistry - XII

Sample Paper I
Sample Paper II
Sample Paper III

CONTENTS
Unit 1 The Solid State

1.1 General Characteristics of Solid State

1.2 Amorphous and Crystalline Solids
1.3 Classification of Crystalline Solids
1.4 Crystal Lattices and Unit Cells
1.5 Number of Atoms in a Unit Cell
1.6 Close-Packed Structures
1.7 Packing Efficiency
1.8 Calculations Involving Unit Cell Dimensions
1.9 Imperfections in Solids
1.10 Electrical Properties
1.11 Magnetic Properties
Unit 2 Solutions
2.1 Types of Solutions
2.2 Expressing Concentration of Solutions
2.3 Solubility
2.4 Vapour Pressure of Liquid Solutions
2.5 Ideal and Non-ideal Solutions
2.6 Colligative Properties and Determination of Molar Mass
2.7 Abnormal Molar Masses
Unit 3 Electrochemistry
3.1 Electrochemical Cells
3.2 Galvanic Cells
3.3 Nernst Equation
3.4 Conductance of Electrolytic Solutions
3.5 Electrolytic Cells and Electrolysis
3.6 Batteries
3.7 Fuel Cells
3.8 Corrosion
Unit 4 Chemical Kinetics
4.1 Rate of a Chemical Reaction
4.2 Factors Influencing Rate of a Reaction
4.3 Integrated Rate Equations
4.4 Pseudo First Order Reaction
4.5 Temperature Dependence of the Rate of a Reaction
4.6 Collision Theory of Chemical Reactions
Unit 5 Surface Chemistry
5.1 Adsorption
5.2 Catalysis
5.3 Colloids
5.4 Classification of Colloids
5.5 Emulsions
5.6 Colloids Around Us
Unit 6 General Principles and Processes of Isolation of Elements
6.1 Occurrence of Metals
6.2 Concentration of Ores
6.3 Extraction of Crude Metal from Concentrated Ore
6.4 Thermodynamic Principles of Metallurgy
6.5 Electrochemical Principles of Metallurgy
6.6 Oxidation Reduction
6.7 Refining
6.8 Uses of Aluminium, Copper, Zinc and Iron
Unit 7 The p-Block Elements
7.1 Group 15 Elements
7.2 Dinitrogen
7.3 Ammonia
7.4 Oxides of Nitrogen
7.5 Nitric Acid
7.6 Phosphorus – Allotropic Forms
7.7 Phosphine
7.8 Phosphorus Halides
7.9 Oxoacids of Phosphorus
7.10 Group 16 Elements
7.11 Dioxygen
7.12 Simple Oxides
7.13 Ozone
7.14 Sulphur – Allotropic Forms
7.15 Sulphur Dioxide
7.16 Oxoacids of Sulphur
7.17 Sulphuric Acid
7.18 Group 17 Elements
7.19 Chlorine
7.20 Hydrogen Chloride
7.21 Oxoacids of Halogens
7.22 Interhalogen Compounds
7.23 Group 18 Elements
Unit 8 The d-and f-Block Elements
8.1 Position in the Periodic Table
8.2 Electronic Configurations of the d-Block Elements
8.3 General Properties of the Transition Elements (d-Block)
8.4 Some important Compounds of Transition Elements
8.5 The Lanthanoids
8.6 The Actinoids
8.7 Some Applications of d-and f-Block Elements
Unit 9 Coordination Compounds
9.1 Werner's Theory of Coordination Compounds
9.2 Definition of Some Important Terms Pertaining to
Coordination Compounds
9.3 Nomenclature of Coordination Compounds
9.4 Isomerism in Coordination Compounds
9.5 Bonding in Coordination Compounds
9.6 Bonding in Metal Carbonyls
9.7 Stability of Coordination Compounds
9.8 Importance and Applications of CoordinationCompounds

Unit 10 Haloalkanes and Haloarenes
10.1 Classification
10.2 Nomenclature
10.3 Nature of C–X Bond
10.4 Methods of Preparation
10.5 Physical Properties
10.6 Chemical Reactions
10.7 Polyhalogen Compounds
Unit 11 Alcohols, Phenols and Ethers
11.1 Classification
11.2 Nomenclature
11.3 Structures of Functional Groups
11.4 Alcohols and Phenols
11.5 Some Commercially Important Alcohols
11.6 Ethers
Unit 12 Aldehydes, Ketones and Carboxylic Acids
12.1 Nomenclature and Structure of Carbonyl Group
12.2 Preparation of Aldehydes and Ketones
12.3 Physical Properties
12.4 Chemical Reactions
12.5 Uses of Aldehydes and Ketones
12.6 Nomenclature and Structure of Carboxyl Group
12.7 Methods of Preparation of Carboxylic Acids
12.8 Physical Properties
12.9 Chemical Reactions
12.10 Uses of Carboxylic Acids
Unit 13 Amines
13.1 Structure of Amines
13.2 Classification
13.3 Nomenclature
13.4 Preparation of Amines
13.5 Physical Properties
13.6 Chemical Reactions
13.7 Method of Preparation of Diazonium Salts
13.8 Physical Properties
13.9 Chemical Reactions
13.10 Importance of Diazonium Salts in Synthesis of Aromatic Compounds
Unit 14 Biomolecules
14.1 Carbohydrates
14.2 Proteins
14.3 Enzymes
14.4 Vitamins
14.5 Nucleic Acids
Unit 15 Polymers
15.1 Classification of Polymers
15.2 Types of Polymerisation
15.3 Molecular Mass of Polymers
15.4 Biodegradable Polymers
15.5 Polymers of Commercial Importance
Unit 16 Chemistry in Everyday Life
16.1 Drugs and their Classification
16.2 Drug-Target Interaction
16.3 Therapeutic Action of Different Classes of Drugs
16.4 Chemicals in Food
16.5 Cleansing Agents