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Ophthalmic Optics is a science, which deals with the structure, function and working of the human eye. Popularly known as Optometry, this health care
profession is concerned with examination, diagnosis and treatment of eyes, specially related to visual, optical symptoms, refractive errors and their correction, using lenses and other optical aids. The scope for optometric practice in India and abroad is great and unlimited. It is a dynamic and challenging career which could achieve personal growth, community respect and offers job flexibility, financial success and unlimited opportunities.

Optometrists or optometric physicians are primary eye care and health professionals concerned with vision care. They are experts in determining one's refractive error and prescribing appropriate correction. They deal with vision screening (eye testing), diagnosis of visual problems, orthoptics and vision training, optometric counseling of patients with partial sight, colour blindness and hereditary vision defects, and designing and fitting of spectacles, contact lens and low vision aids. They also prescribe Vision therapy eye exercises to patients complaining of Visual symptoms such as squint etc.

Though Optometry goes hand in hand with Ophthalmology in treatment of Visual disorders, Optometrists should not be confused with ophthalmologists or dispensing opticians. An optometrist performs all the tasks of an ophthalmologist, short of surgery. Ophthalmologists (Eye M.D's) are trained physicians specialized in eye and vision care who perform eye surgery, as well as diagnose and treat eye diseases and injuries.

Eligibility : To practice as a optometrist it is essential to have a Bachelor's degree in Optometry

In 1958, the first two schools of optometry were established at Gandhi Eye Hospital and Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital, under second five year finance plan by Director General of Health Services of Govt. of India. One of those is - School of Optometry use to conduct 2 yrs to 3 yrs Diploma in Optometry. There is currently one well established optometry school Elite School of Optometry and 1st Four Year in Optometry School in India that follows closely with American optometry schools indianoptometricassociation, indianoptometricassociation@yahoo.co.in Currently, there are more colleges and schools of optometry are offering bachelor four years (three +one) and post graduate education in optometry like as Bsc. in Optometry, Msc in optometry, M.phil and PhD in optometry by different universities and institutions their names are as follows Universities:

1. Academy of Optometry , Kolkata
2. Aditya Jyot Institute of Optometry , Mumbai
3. All India Institute of Medical Sciences (AIIMS), New Delhi
4. All India Institute of Optometrical Sciences (AIIOS), Kolkata
5. Bausch & Lomb School of Optometry, Hyderabad
6. Bharati Vidyapeeth's Medical College, Pune
7. College of Optometry and Ophthalmic Sciences, Nasik
8. Elite School Of Optometry, Chennai
9. Jnana Prabhodini Medical Trust School of Optometry, Pune
10. Lions Arvind Institute of Community Ophthalmology, Madurai
11. Manipal College of Allied Health Sciences, Manipal
12. MEH School of Optometry, Mumbai
13. Nagar School of Optometry, Ahmedabad
13. Optometry Research & Training Institute (ORTI), Uttar Pradesh
14. Sarojini Devi Eye Hospital & Institute of Ophthalmology , Hyderabad
15. Schells Eye Hospital (Unit of Christian Medical College) , Vellore
16. School of Optometry : Gandhi Eye Hospital , Aligarh
17. School of Optometry : Janakalyan Eye Hospital, Lucknow
18. School of Optometry: Regional institute of Ophthalmology, Government ophthalmic Hospital, Chennai
19. School of Orthoptics & Optometry , Sitapur
20. The Lotus College of Optometry,Mumbai
21. Harijyot college of optometry,Gujarat,Navsari
22. Govt. Medical College & Hospital Chandigarh
24. College of Optometry, MIRAJ
25. Lotus Bausch & Lomb Institute of Optomeytry, Lotus Eye Care Hospital, Coimbatore
26. Shri Prakash Institute Of Optometry (Unit of Dr. Agarwal's Eye Hospital),19 Cathedral Road, Chennai
27. NSHM Knowledge Campus, Durgapur, West Bengal
28. George college of management and science, Kolkata